About the Journal

  1. Focus and scope
  2. Submission process
  3. Peer review process
  4. Open access policy
  5. Publication ethics
  6. Research ethics
  7. Advertising policy
  8. Privacy policy
  9. Archiving


Focus and scope 

The Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery is a peer-reviewed, online-only, journal covering all aspects of plastic and reconstructive surgery research and review including aesthetic, breast, burns, cleft lip and palate, craniomaxillofacial, experimental research, general reconstruction, hand, head and neck, history of plastic and military surgery, international collaboration, melanoma and skin cancer, paediatric, PRS Board of Training and technical and preoperative investigations/imaging.

The journal is published by the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons with support from the New Zealand Association of Plastic Surgeons with a new issue released twice a year, in March and September.


Submission process

The editorial team of the Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery invites authors from any country to submit articles for publication on any aspect of plastic surgery. All manuscripts submitted to the journal are screened by the editors-in-chief. Manuscripts are immediately rejected if they do not follow the AJOPS author guidelines, are not in line with the aims of the journal, or are well short of the standard required for publication. For more information on how to submit to the journal, our guidelines, copyright notice and privacy statement, click here.

Please note, a publication fee applies to accepted submissions where none of the authors are members of ASPS or NZAPS. The fee of AU$500 is charged after the peer review process is complete and prior to publication. If at least one of the authors is an ASPS or NZAPS member, there is no fee. Likewise, there is no fee for international authors of papers invited by the editors-in-chief.


Peer review process

The Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery has adopted a double-blind peer review process for original and review articles and cases. This involves an initial assessment by the relevant section editor and, if accepted for review, detailed assessment by up to three external peer reviewers. A paper may go through more than one round of peer review before a recommendation is reached. The review recommendation is then sent to the section editor for endorsement and final approval sought from the editors-in-chief. At all stages of external peer-review the details of the authors and reviewers are withheld to ensure anonymity. 

The editors-in-chief may commission editorials, review articles and features. Features by invited international authors are not subject to external peer review. Invited review articles may be subject to peer review. Letters to the editor, media reviews, perspectives, how to guides, practical non-clinical skills for surgeons and video content are reviewed by the editors-in-chief. All invited papers will be clearly identified as such.

Section editors as authors

Section editors must declare their editorial affiliation with the journal. When a section editor is a co-author of a submitted paper they remain anonymous throughout the review process with their affiliation added prior to publication. When a section editor authors a papers it is assessed by the editors-in-chief who may recommend internal or external peer review.

If you experience any adverse event arising from review process, or would like to tell us your views, please email journal@plasticsurgery.org.au. Information for reviewers can be found here.



Open Access Policy

The Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery provides open access to peer reviewed research as part of its commitment to readers and authors. We make all our research articles freely available online as PDF and HTML and publish linked DOIs for all journal content. Authors are encouraged to provide their ORCID ID. Please note, as at September 2019, AJOPS indexed with the Directory of Open Access Journals.

Authors retain copyright of their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons Licence terms:

  • Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) (recommended)
    Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an anthology), text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honour or reputation.
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence (CC BY-NC)
    Lets others distribute, remix and build upon the work, but only if it is for non-commercial purposes and they credit the original creator/s (and any other nominated parties). 
  • Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
    For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article. 


Journal summary

1. Name of Journal: Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery

2. Abbreviation/other titles: AJOPS; Australas J Plast Surg

3. ISSN: Online only: 2209-170X

4. Timing of publication: Twice per year

5. Publisher

  • Name of Publisher: Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons
  • Contact Address: Suite 503, Level 5, 69 Christie Street, St Leonards 2065
  • City: New South Wales, AUSTRALIA
  • Telephone: +61 (0)2 9437 9200  
  • Email: journal@plasticsurgery.com.au
  • Homepage: www.ajops.com

6. Year of first publication: 2018

7. Editorial scope: All aspects of plastic and reconstructive surgery research and review including aesthetic, breast, burns, cleft lip and palate, craniomaxillofacial, experimental research, general reconstruction, hand, head and neck, history of plastic and military surgery, international collaboration, melanoma and skin cancer, paediatric, PRS Board of Training and technical and preoperative investigations/imaging.

8. Contributors/journal sponsorship: The Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery was established by the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons with initial funding from the Australasian Foundation for Plastic Surgery  and recieves an annual contribution toward production costs from the New Zealand Association of Plastic Surgeons. 

9. Language: English

10. Publication history:

Six issues starting Mar 2018:
Volume 1: Mar 2018; Sep 2018
Volume 2: Mar 2019; Sep 2019
Volume 3: Mar 2020; Sept 2020


Abstracting and indexing information

AJOPS is a member of Crossref - a not-for-profit, membership-based organisation that make research outputs easy to find, cite, link, assess, and reuse.

Directory of Open Access Journals
AJOPS is indexed in the DOAJ - a community-curated online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals. DOAJ is independent.

AJOPS is cited in WorldCat - the world's largest network of library content and services.

Google Scholar
AJOPS is cited in Google Scholar - a web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and discipline.



ASPS, NZASPS, AFPS, Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons, New Zealand Association of Plastic Surgeons, Australasian Foundation for Plastic Surgery, publications, science, educational, scientific surgery, journal, journals, Australia, Australian, Australasian, New Zealand, international, plastic surgery, reconstructive techniques, aesthetic, breast, burns, cleft lip and palate, craniomaxillofacial, experimental research, general reconstruction, hand, face and neck, history of plastic and military surgery, international collaboration, melanoma and skin cancer, paediatric, PRS board of training, technology and preoperative investigations and imaging, microsurgery, reconstructive surgical procedures.



Publication ethics


As part of our committment to developing and implementing best practice policies and procedures for publications ethics, AJOPS editors and reviewers undertake to treat all manuscripts fairly and in confidence and to declare any competing interests in line with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines.

We ask all authors to be aware of, and comply with, ICMJE requirements and COPE guidelines, particularly in relation to authorship (including avoiding 'ghost' or 'guest' authorship), plagiarism, simultaneous submission, redundant or duplicate publication, manipulation of statistics, competing or conflicting interests and compliance with policies on research ethics (Declaration of Helsinki, the use of animals in research, randomised controlled trials and clinical trials including registration and systematic reviews and meta-analyses).

As per COPE guidelines, we will investigate all allegations of research or publication misconduct and take steps to correct these. If you have any concerns about possible misconduct please contact the journal directly via our email address, journal@plasticsurgery.org.au. All correspondence should be addressed to the editors-in-chief and will be treated confidentially.

Authorship and acknowledgements

The journal adheres to the definition of authorship by the ICMJE. The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following four criteria: 

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
  • Final approval of the version to be published; and
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’. If a submission has more than five authors, the inclusion of each name must be justified in the covering letter. Results of multicentre studies may be reported under the name of the organising group. For more information on contributor roles, please refer to the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) website.

Corresponding authors

Corresponding authors are responsible for the submission meeting all AJOPS publishing requirements outlined here and in our Author guidelines. They must ensure that all co-authors are appropriately cited or acknowledged and have seen, and approved, the final version submitted to the journal. If accepted, corresponding authors must acknowledge, in writing, that all authors consent to any changes to authorship or text prior to publication. Following publication, corresponding authors are the point of contact for any queries about the published paper and must resolve any questions or issues that arise promptly, informing all co-authors.

Author identification

AJOPS endorses ORCiD and asks all authors to provide their own, and their co-authors', ORCiD upon submission of a manuscript (For existing authors, this information can be added to a user's profile by opening the 'More user information' box indicated by a '+'. If you experience any problems trying to update your ORCiD, please email journal@plasticsurgery.org.au.)

On publication, all authors' who have added their ORCiD will have it displayed as a hyperlink on the view article page next to their name. In future, once the journal is indexed (pending, as at June 2019), we propose to implement the auto-update feature offered by Crossref that deposits authors' ORCiDs and simultaneously updates their ORCID record at the time of publication. We encourage authors to read more about ORCID

Patient consent

AJOPS endorses the ICMJE'S statement on the protection of research participants here. AJOPS requires authors to obtain informed consent from patients (or their guardian/next of kin) prior to submitting case reports. 


Manuscripts with plagiarised content will not be considered by the journal. If plagiarism is identified, we will follow COPE guidelines.  Authors whose work has been flagged as containing possible plagiarised content by AJOPS editors or reviewers will have an opportunity to respond to the journal's concerns. If no response is recieved the journal reserves the right to reject the submission, issue a correction or retraction (if the manuscript has already been published) and contact authors' institutions, funders or regulatory bodies as necessary.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to: 

  • copying, either verbatum or close, text from other sources without attribution/citation
  • using illustrations (includes images, graphs or diagrams) from other sources without attribution
  • significantly reusing your own text from previous publications without attribution or the agreement of the editor (read the COPE guidelines on text recycling)(note, there are exceptions relating to methods)
  • using the original structure, argument or idea from another source as a major part of a new publication without attribution (where it is clear this has not been developed by the authors).

At present the Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery uses Grammarly to check content flagged by editors or reviewers. Once we have our metadata deposits to Crossref fully in place, we will use Similarity Check (pending, as of June 2019). 

Reproduction of copyright material

If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the manuscript. It is the author’s responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners. 

Simultaneous submissions

The journal does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously being considered by other journals. Occasionally, editors of different journals may knowingly agree to jointly publish selected articles because of the need for wide coverage. Examples include publication guidelines and important recommendations on public health. It is the responsibility of authors to ensure that two or more journals do not unknowingly publish the same article.

Redundant or duplicate publication

Redundant or duplicate publication occurs when a submission is published that overlaps substantially with one that has already been published in either print or electronic media. An article is reviewed for publication on the assumption that its contents have not been submitted simultaneously to another journal, have not been accepted for publication elsewhere and have not already been published.

The journal will consider manuscripts that have been rejected by another journal, that follow the publication of preliminary findings in the form of an abstract, or that provide supplementary information about a large complex study.

References must be provided for all publications that relate to the manuscript under consideration. In addition, copies of any possible duplicate published material should be submitted with a statement in the covering letter explaining why the manuscript under consideration is not a duplicate publication. This includes articles in press or under consideration by another journal. Any attempt at dual publication will lead to automatic rejection, may prejudice acceptance of future submissions, and may be highlighted in the journal.

Disclosure statement

Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the article is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader. The conflict of interest form can be found here.



Research ethics

Human studies

All human studies must be reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee and performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Brazil in October 2013). In addition, patient anonymity must be preserved at all times. The journal will not publish pictures that identify patients unless the authors submit evidence of written consent from the patient or a legal guardian. The AJOPS Patient Consent form can be found here.

Use of animals in research

Studies involving the use of animals must be reviewed by the appropriate ethics committee and performed in accordance with the principles of the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes as well as any specific national laws where applicable.
AJOPS supports the ethical principles laid down in the Basel Declaration (Replace, Reduce and Refine) to safeguard animal welfare.

Randomised controlled trials

  • Reporting of randomised controlled trials should follow the guidelines of The CONSORT Statement (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials).
  • All meta-analyses of randomised trials must adhere to the guidelines outlined in the PRISMA Statement which is designed to improve manuscript quality.

Clinical trials

The journal support's the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for the registration of clinical trials and sharing of data, found here. Key points:

  • All clinical trials submitted for consideration by AJOPS must be registered in a publicly accessible database before initiation of the trial.
  • The Australian Clinical Trial Registry is located at the National Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Centre at the University of Sydney.
  • Clinical trials should adhere to the guidelines outlined in the CONSORT Statement.



Advertising policy

To ensure the Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery adheres to ethical standards of advertising, and to determine the eligibility of products and services for advertising in AJOPS, we have developed the following policy.

For the purposes of this policy, advertising refers to digital 'promotional material belonging to companies or manufacturers'.

Summary of principles

  • AJOPS will only sell advertising space on its website in line with the aims of the journal.
  • Decisions to sell advertising space are made independently of editorial content.
  • The appearance of advertising in AJOPS is neither a guarantee nor an endorsement by AJOPS of the product or the claims made for the product in such advertising.
  • The fact that an advertisement for a product, service, or company has appeared in AJOPS shall not be referred to in any collateral advertising.

1. Placement of advertising in Digital Publications

Placement of advertising within or on full text article pages is prohibited. In-text linking within an article to an advertisement is not permitted. Advertisements that appear on journal website may coincidentally be related to the subject of an article, but such juxtaposition must be random. (Note: digital ads may be static, rotating or animated. Because ads rotate in various positions, adjacency may occur coincidentally).

2. Distinguishing advertising from content

The words 'Paid advertisement' will appear below the advertisement and will be hyperlinked to a landing page that states the following:

'This is a paid advertising placement and AJOPS does not endorse the advertised product. Advertisements must adhere to AJOPS advertising policy.'

3. Use of the AJOPS logo

The AJOPS logos may not appear on commercial websites as a logo or in any other form without prior written approval by the Managing Editor of AJOPS.

4. Use of AJOPS content

Web sites shall not frame AJOPS content on a website without express permission; shall not prevent the viewer from returning to the AJOPS website or other previously viewed screens, and shall not redirect the viewer to a web site the viewer did not intend to visit.

5. Review and approval of advertising

All advertising must be reviewed and approved by AJOPS editorial team. Such review will include the website landing page to which the advertisement links.

Specific requirements:

  1. The advertisement should clearly identify the advertiser of the product or service offered. In the case of pharmaceutical advertisements, the full generic name of each active ingredient shall appear. See the World Health Organisation's Guidance on International Nonproprietary Names (INN).
  2. Layout, artwork, and format shall be such as to be readily distinguishable from editorial content and to avoid any confusion with the editorial content of the publication.
  3. Unfair comparisons or unwarranted disparagement of a competitor’s products or services will not be allowed.
  4. Advertisements will not be acceptable if they conflict with Australian Medical Association Code of ethics.
  5. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to comply with the laws and regulations applicable to the marketing and sale of its products. Acceptance of advertising in AJOPS should not be construed as a guarantee that the manufacturer has complied with such laws and regulations.
  6. Advertisements may not be deceptive or misleading.
  7. Advertisements will not be accepted if they are offensive in either text or artwork, or contain attacks or derogations of a personal, racial, sexual, or religious nature, or are demeaning or discriminatory toward an individual or group on the basis of age, sex, race, ethnicity, religion, physical appearance, or disability.
  8. The policy of the AJOPS with respect to pharmaceutical advertising is to offer ethical manufacturers the opportunity to communicate directly with the medical profession about their products. Adherence to legal requirements concerning advertising by pharmaceutical companies is their responsibility.

This policy has been adapted from guidelines set out by Winker MA, Flanagin A, Chi-Lum B, et al. Guidelines for medical and health information sites on the internet: principles governing AMA web sitesJAMA. 2000;283(12):1600–1606. doi:10.1001/jama.283.12.1600.



Privacy policy

Protecting your privacy is our top priority. Please read our Privacy Policy (PDF 318 KB) carefully to understand our views and practices regarding your personal information and how we will treat it.



The journal utilises the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.



Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein, including comments made by readers, are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the editors, the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons, Australasian Foundation for Plastic Surgery or the New Zealand Association of Plastic Surgeons.